Estadificación del cáncer colorrectal mediante resonancia magnética

  • Felipe Aluja Jaramillo
  • Daniel Upegui Jiménez
Palabras clave: Imagen por resonancia magnética, neoplasias del colon, neoplasias del recto, estadificación de neoplasias

Resumen

El cáncer colorrectal es la cuarta causa de muerte a nivel mundial y la quinta causa de muerte por cáncer en Colombia. La resonancia magnética es la modalidad ideal para la valoración del cáncer colorrectal, ya que permite la estadificación mediante la determinación de la invasión más allá de la muscular propia, la extensión hacia órganos adyacentes, la identificación de pacientes candidatos a quimioterapia o radioterapia prequirúrgica y la planeación del procedimiento quirúrgico. El punto clave se basa en la diferenciación entre los estadios T2 y T3 mediante el uso de secuencias con información T2 de alta resolución. Además de esto, permite la valoración del tamaño y la morfología de los ganglios linfáticos, y aumenta considerablemente la especificidad para la detección de compromiso ganglionar. La resonancia magnética es una técnica con una alta especificidad y una alta reproducibilidad. 

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Biografía del autor/a

Felipe Aluja Jaramillo
  1. Residente radiología e imágenes diagnósticas. Fundación Universitaria Sanitas. Bogotá, Colombia. 

Daniel Upegui Jiménez
  1. Médico radiólogo, subespecialista en abdomen
    y pelvis, Clínica Universitaria Colombia, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi. Profesor de radiología, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas. Profesor de radiología, Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, Colombia.  

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Publicado
2017-02-16
Cómo citar
Jaramillo, F. A., & Upegui JiménezD. (2017). Estadificación del cáncer colorrectal mediante resonancia magnética. Revista Colombiana De Gastroenterología, 31(3), 273-282. https://doi.org/10.22516/25007440.100
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