Gastrostomía descompresiva en obstrucción gastrointestinal maligna: reporte de caso y revisión de la literatura

Palabras clave: Neoplasia, obstrucción gastrointestinal maligna, gastrostomía descompresiva

Resumen

La gastrostomía descompresiva durante los últimos años ha surgido como una alternativa de manejo para la paliación de síntomas en personas con enfermedad oncológica terminal que desarrollan obstrucción intestinal sin indicación quirúrgica inicial y es refractaria al manejo médico. El objetivo es brindar calidad de vida a través de la restauración de la vía oral. Sus contraindicaciones han variado con el tiempo; sin embargo, han surgido nuevas técnicas que permiten ampliar el espectro de indicaciones de este procedimiento. Se ha descrito que permite apoyar el control de síntomas, el retorno de la persona a su lugar de cuidado y, posiblemente, el reinicio de la vía oral con la intención de mantener la calidad de vida de la persona.

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Biografía del autor/a

Elly Morros-González, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Residente de Geriatría, Instituto de Envejecimiento, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bogotá

Rómulo Darío Vargas, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio

Gastroenterólogo, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Jefe de la unidad de gastroenterología, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bogotá

Alan Ovalle, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Gastroenterólogo, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bogotá

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Figura 1. Algoritmo de manejo de OGIM
Publicado
2021-06-29
Cómo citar
Morros González, E. A., Vargas Rubio, R. D., & Ovalle Hernández, A. F. (2021). Gastrostomía descompresiva en obstrucción gastrointestinal maligna: reporte de caso y revisión de la literatura. Revista Colombiana De Gastroenterología, 36(2), 267-274. https://doi.org/10.22516/25007440.635
Sección
Reporte de Casos
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