Uso de probióticos en síndrome de intestino irritable y enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal: una revisión de la literatura

  • Jeanette Coriat B Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Facultad de medicina
  • Andrés J Azuero O Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
  • Sebastián Gil Tamayo Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
  • María Camila Rueda Rodríguez Estudiante de medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
  • Camilo Castañeda Cardona Neuroeconomix
  • Diego Rosselli Hospital Universitario San Ignacio
Palabras clave: Enfermedades inflamatorias del intestino, estado nutricional, probióticos, síndrome del colon irritable, suplementos dietéticos

Resumen

Introducción: El síndrome de intestino irritable (SII) y la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII), son motivos de consulta frecuente. Usualmente su tratamiento se hace en primer nivel de atención, con ajuste de estilo de vida y cambios dietarios. Los tratamientos farmacológicos tienen eficacia limitada e importantes efectos secundarios, por lo que existe un interés creciente en terapias diferentes como el uso de probióticos.

Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline y Embase buscando estudios que asociaran suplementos nutricionales, con SII o EII, haciendo énfasis en probióticos.

Resultados: De un total de 1598 referencias, 43 cumplieron criterios finales de inclusión. El uso de probióticos en SII y EII sugiere ser una terapia que ayuda a mantener los periodos de remisión de enfermedad, mejorar la calidad de vida y atenuar el proceso fisiopatológico.

Conclusiones: El uso de probióticos y prebióticos podría ser una alternativa de soporte nutricional en pacientes seleccionados.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jeanette Coriat B, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Facultad de medicina
Estudiante de medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Andrés J Azuero O, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Estudiante de medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Sebastián Gil Tamayo, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Estudiante de medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
María Camila Rueda Rodríguez, Estudiante de medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Camilo Castañeda Cardona, Neuroeconomix
Neurólogo Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Director Proyectos Neuroeconomix
Diego Rosselli, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio
Departamento de Epidemiología Clínica y Bioestadística, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio

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Publicado
2017-07-19
Cómo citar
Coriat B, J., Azuero O, A. J., Gil Tamayo, S., Rueda Rodríguez, M. C., Castañeda Cardona, C., & Rosselli, D. (2017). Uso de probióticos en síndrome de intestino irritable y enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal: una revisión de la literatura. Revista Colombiana De Gastroenterología, 32(2), 141 - 149. https://doi.org/10.22516/25007440.141
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