Manejo de pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal durante la pandemia de COVID-19d-19

  • Fabián Juliao-Baños Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe
Palabras clave: COVID-19, SARS-Cov-2, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal

Resumen

La pandemia causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, originada en Wuhan, capital de la provincia de Hubei (China), se ha convertido en un desafío para la humanidad. Es un virus altamente contagioso; hasta el momento, la enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19) presenta una mortalidad global alrededor del 6 %, que es mayor en pacientes con comorbilidades. La enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) es una patología discapacitante, con daño tisular y alteración en la respuesta inmunológica, lo cual, asociado a los medicamentos inmunosupresores que se utilizan frecuentemente para su tratamiento, pone al paciente en riesgo de desarrollar infecciones y complicaciones. En esta revisión consideramos la interacción del virus SARS-CoV-2 con el tracto gastrointestinal y los potenciales mecanismos por los cuales un paciente con EII podría tener un riesgo incrementado de la infección por COVID-19. Adicionalmente, y a pesar de que no hay estudios clínicos publicados en pacientes con EII y COVID-19, damos recomendaciones basadas en opinión de expertos sobre el cuidado de pacientes con EII, con énfasis en su tratamiento y la realización segura de procedimientos endoscópicos, tanto para el paciente como para el personal de salud.

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Biografía del autor/a

Fabián Juliao-Baños, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe

Unidad de Gastroenterología. Coordinador Clínica Enfermedad Inflamatoria Intestinal, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Medellín, Colombia

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Figura 1. Algoritmo de manejo EII y COVID-19. Adaptado de la referencia 38
Publicado
2020-05-06
Cómo citar
Juliao Baños, F. (2020). Manejo de pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal durante la pandemia de COVID-19d-19. Revista Colombiana De Gastroenterología, 35(Supl. 1), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.22516/25007440.537